By John Ewing
This is often the tale of yank arithmetic prior to now century. It comprises articles and excerpts from a century of the yankee Mathematical per 30 days, giving the reader a chance to skim all 100 volumes of this renowned arithmetic journal with out really beginning them. It samples arithmetic yr via 12 months and decade by way of decade. The reader can glimpse the mathematical neighborhood on the flip of the century, the talk approximately Einstein and relativity, the debates approximately formalism in common sense, the immigration of mathematicians from Europe, and the frantic attempt to arrange because the warfare begun. newer articles care for the arrival of pcs and the alterations they introduced, and with the various triumphs of contemporary learn.
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Additional info for A century of mathematics: Through the eyes of the Monthly
As for Prohibition, deﬁance by the general public made bootlegging the era’s most lucrative criminal activity. Reformers thus faced an uncomfortable choice. Either they could come to terms with the dominant forces of business practicality and so hope to have a benevolent inﬂuence on the new consumer public, or they could continue the old crusades and be branded radical or naive. The situation was made to order for Hoover to become the most admired ﬁgure in public service. He exempliﬁed rags-to-riches enterprise and described himself as a progressive in the sense that he wanted improvements in productive e;ciency and an enlightened partnership between leaders of free enterprise and government.
Secondary functions like education and other public services could be left to state and local discretion. Underneath this formula, championed by the most important business associations in the nation, lay the bedrock of belief in the primacy of competition. The dominant true believers still accepted the obiter dicta of the communal spirit’s most caustic critic, sociologist William Graham Sumner. In his classic What Social Classes Owe to Each Other (1883), Sumner did not mince words. What the social classes owed each other was nothing.
Both Coolidge and Hoover opposed it on the grounds that the fee amounted to price-ﬁxing and unconstitutionally levied taxes for purposes other than raising revenue. Furthermore, opponents charged that a device to raise prices while a surplus existed violated the “natural laws” of the marketplace. In Congress the bill failed when ﬁrst introduced mainly because southern farm interests—primarily cotton—stuck with their region’s traditional opposition to tari=s, correctly seeing McNary-Haugenism as a means of extending what amounted to tari= protection to agriculture.
A century of mathematics: Through the eyes of the Monthly by John Ewing
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