By Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu

ISBN-10: 0520098862

ISBN-13: 9780520098862

This booklet provides the 1st documentation of Nzadi, a Bantu language spoken by way of fishermen alongside the Kasai River within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). it's the made from large examine through the authors and contributors in box tools and team research classes on the collage of California, Berkeley, and includes ten chapters protecting the segmental phonology, tone method, morphology, and sentence constitution, through appendices at the Nzadi humans and historical past and on Proto-Bantu to Nzadi sound adjustments. additionally incorporated are 3 texts and a lexicon of over 1100 entries, together with a few fish species. ahead of this paintings, Nzadi had now not even been pointed out within the literature, and at the moment nonetheless has no access as a language or dialect within the Ethnologue. Of specific curiosity within the research of Nzadi is its significant grammatical simplification, leading to buildings really assorted from these of canonical Bantu languages. even supposing Nzadi has misplaced lots of the inherited agglutinative morphology, there are nonetheless recognizable classification prefixes on nouns and a reflex of noun classification contract in genitive buildings. different components of specific curiosity are human/number contract, tense-aspect-mood marking, non-subject relative clause buildings, and WH query formation. This succinct, yet complete grammar presents huge assurance of the phonological, grammatical and semantic homes that would be of strength curiosity not just to Bantuists, Africanists and people attracted to this region of the DRC, but additionally to typologists, normal linguists, and scholars of linguistics.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Nzadi B865 : A Bantu language of Democratic Republic of Congo

Sample text

When preceded by a labial consonant, it may be realized [ˆ] or [U]. This happens especially to /Ca/ verbs when they change to /Ce/ in the past tense. 2. 4. Vowel Harmony Before leaving vowel alternations, a word should be added concerning vowel harmony. Given the historical shortening of words, it is not surprising to find that there is no stem-level vowel harmony, as found elsewhere in Bantu. Of the 52 bisyllabic verb stems in the lexicon, the three vowels /i, u, a/ occur freely in the second syllable: four bisyllabic verbs have /i/, 24 have /u/ and 22 have /a/.

When the verb root is L, the suffixal -L has no overt realization. When the root is H, however, the -L suffixal tone will link, as shown, to a H verb stem which has a CG initial, a long vowel, or a final consonant. The -L suffixal tone will not link to a H verb stem which has the shape CV. What this predicts is that there should not be any (plain) CV stems with HL tone. 50] o-sî o-sî o-tî o-zî ‘to leave behind’ ‘to accompany’ ‘to consult a doctor’ ‘to hide’ o-bî o-dzî o-tsî o-dzô ‘to spoil’ ‘to feed’ ‘to accept’ ‘to get stung’ cf.

The children’ ‘I am hitting the child’ ‘ ... 7). 36] mì ô búl ndé mì ó búl ndé mì ó búl n@dé mì ê búl bç& mì é búl bç& mì é búl bç^ ‘I have hit him/her’ / ‘I have hit them’ ‘I hit him/her’ / ‘I hit them’ ‘I am hitting him/her’ / ‘I am hitting them’ As seen, a+o ! o, a+e ! e, o+e ! e, and e+o ! o. 37] osim + é + muur osim + é + ibaa osim + é + oNgyEn ! ! osim e múùr osim ibáà osim oNgyE^n 31 ‘the person’s rope’ ‘the man’s rope’ ‘the stranger’s rope’ At first it might seem that /é/ is present only when followed by a consonant, as in the first example; however, the tone changes on the noun show that it is definitely there, but deleted.

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A Grammar of Nzadi B865 : A Bantu language of Democratic Republic of Congo by Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu

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