By Beattie, B.R.

ISBN-10: 9004153934

ISBN-13: 9789004153936

This quantity examines a mostly ignored Avignonese legation to Tuscany and the Papal States, and assesses its influence on Avignonese papal coverage in Italy.

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Additional info for Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334 (Medieval Mediterranean)

Example text

80, 269 n. 97. 16 «Chronicon Estense cum additamentis usque ad annum 1478», ed. G. P. Vicini, RIS 2 15 III, pp. 39. The «Chronicon Estense» (pp. 37) provides the principal background for the narrative of Pellagrue’s legation. See also Mollat, Les papes, pp. 141–148. 17 Pellagrue easily obtained the support of Bologna and preached a crusade against Venice. 18 By August 1309 Pellagrue’s forces had captured the strategically valuable stronghold of Castello Tedaldo and had the Venetians on the run.

As Poujet tightened the noose around Milan, Galeazzo’s allies scrambled to ensure their own political survival. In May 1323 Passerino Bonacolsi and the powerful signore of Verona, Can Grande della Scala, announced their intention to make formal submissions to the Church; in June the legate laid siege to Milan. 8 Beyond the Alps, however, events augured ill for the papal cause in Italy. After the death of Henry VII in 1313, the divided electors of the Empire had chosen two rival candidates for the imperial throne: the duke of Bavaria, Ludwig von Wittelsbach, and the duke of Austria, Frederick “the Handsome” of Habsburg.

As the sun rose on 23 September, Castruccio led 1,500 knights in a spectacular charge down from the hills into the heart of the Guelf camp. Though badly outnumbered, Castruccio kept his exhausted and disoriented opponents pinned down until mid-morning, when Azzo Visconti rode onto the battle plain at the head of 800 Milanese horsemen. By day’s end Cardona’s army was completely destroyed. 3 To compound the disaster, just two months later, a Ghibelline host under the signore of Mantua, Rinaldo “Passerino” Bonacolsi, fell upon a Bolognese army at Zapolino, just north of Bologna.

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Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334 (Medieval Mediterranean) by Beattie, B.R.


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